Update July 6, 2020

We filed a new lawsuit today in the Michigan Court of Claims after the state Supreme Court declined to rule. This is now our fifth lawsuit to get on the ballot. We are seeking a declaratory judgment on the law restricting signatures to 180-days, and an injunction or TRO for the court to order the Board of State Canvassers to canvass all of our signatures by July 26, the deadline for getting on the ballot in 2020.

Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan v Board of State Canvassers (Case # 20-000125-MM)

Committee's Verified Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief, 7/6/2020

Committee's Motion for and Brief in Support of Temporary Restraining Order and/or Preliminary Injunction 

Exhibit A - BOE Preliminary Staff Report, updated, 6/3/2020

Exhibit B - Media reports of origin of 180-day statute, 1972-1974

Exhibit C - Attorney General Opinion re 180-day statute, 8/13/1974

Exhibit D - Canvasser meeting transcript, 3/24/2016


Update July 5, 2020

Late on July 2 before a state holiday and the holiday weekend, the Michigan Supreme Court declined to rule on the case. 
See the one-page order here.


Update June 29, 2020

The Committee filed a reply brief in response to the State's motion and brief on June 27, 2020.

Plaintiff's Response in Opposition to Defendant's Motion for Summary Disposition, 6/27/20

Exhibit A:  Court of Appeals ripeness decision, 3-14-2017


Update June 23, 2020

The State of Michigan filed a reply brief and also, a motion for summary disposition of the case.

Brief in Support of Defendant Board of State Canvassers' Motion for Summary Disposition, 6/22/20

Motion for Summary Disposition, 6/22/20

Exhibit A - Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan v SOS, Court of Appeals, 4/2/20

Exhibit B - BOE Preliminary Staff Report and attachments, 5/19/20

Exhibit C - Kozma, Boal signatures, 2/29/16 (signatures of  5/22/15 crossed out)

Exhibit D - BOE Preliminary Staff Report, updated, 6/3/20

Exhibit E - Initiatives and Referenda, 1986 - 2018

Exhibit F - Michigan Comprehensive Cannabis Law Reform Committee v SOS, Court of Claims, 4/23/16



UPDATE JUNE 10, 2020 (1:30 pm)

We filed a complaint today in the Michigan Supreme Court appealing the Board of State Canvassers' decision on June 8 declaring our petition insufficient due to MCL 168.472a, the 180-day signature gathering law, and challenging the constitutionality of that law. Our case is #161453. (MCL 168.479 states the jurisdiction for such an appeal is the Supreme Court).


Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan v Board of State Canvassers, filed June 10, 2020

Complaint for Review of Board of State Canvassers Determination Under MCL 168.479


Exhibit A (Court of Appeals decision, Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan v Sec of State, Apr 3, 2020)

Exhibit B (Bureau of Elections updated preliminary staff report re Committee signatures, June 3, 2020)

 Exhibit C (Attorney General Opinion re 180-day statute, Aug 13, 1974)

Exhibit D (Media reports of origin of 180-day statute, 1972-74)

Exhibit E (Canvasser meeting transcript, Mar 24, 2016)

We also filed a Motion to Expedite in the Supreme Court. Afterward, we were told it was not necessary because the court will already treat it with the highest priority.

Motion to Expedite, June 10, 2020

Exhibit A (Letter to Board of State Canvassers from Ellis Boal, November 15, 2018)

Exhibit B (Letter to Director of Elections and other election officials from LuAnne Kozma, May 1, 2020)


UPDATE: June 8, 2020

On June 8, 2020, the Board of State Canvassers decided in a 4-0 vote to certify our petition as insufficient according to MCL 168.472a. This Bureau of Elections Staff report provides the details and their staff recommendation. The report was originally issued May 19, 19 days after we delivered the petitions to the Secretary of State. 

Bureau of Elections Preliminary Staff Report, Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan, updated June 3, 2020


UPDATE April 2, 2020:

The Michigan Court of Appeals ruled in our favor!!

Court of Appeals Decision, April 2, 2020

In an unanimous decision, the court reversed and remanded the lower court's decision to the Secretary of State to forward our petition to the Board of State Canvassers. It also found that we did file on time and the petition must be treated as having been filed on November 5, 2018. 
"In sum, plaintiffs submitted an initiative petition that was facially compliant with all statutory requirements. The Secretary was required to pass it on to the Board for the Board o determine the validity of the petition and canvass the signatures. If the Board rejects the petition, plaintiff may seek review before the Supreme Court. See MCL 168.479."


OUR LAWSUIT IN MICHIGAN COURT OF APPEALS, Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan v. Secretary of State, et al  Case # 350161 was decided in our favor.

Click on the links below to read the briefs.

ORAL ARGUMENT will be heard in Michigan Court of Appeals on March 3, 2020. Judges Thomas C. Cameron, (presiding judge) and Douglas B. Shapiro, and Anita Letica.



The Committee to Ban Fracking filed a Supplemental Authority to supplement the record, February 23, 2020:

Committee's Supplemental Authority (February 23, 2020)

Committee's attachment of Fair and Equal petition

Committee's attachment of Canvassers' transcript



The Committee to Ban Fracking filed a reply to the State's response brief on December 23, 2019:

Committee to Ban Fracking's/Appellants' Reply Brief (December 23, 2019)

The State of Michigan filed a response brief to the Court of Appeals on December 9, 2019:

State's Response Brief (December 9, 2019)



Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan filed its appeals brief in the Michigan Court of Appeals on November 4. The appendix is a separate document. See each below:

Committee to Ban Fracking's Appellants' Brief on Appeal (November 4, 2019)

Appendix accompanying Brief on Appeal in 4 downloads, below. (November 4, 2019)

Appendix Table of Contents

Appendix Volume 1

Appendix Volume 2

Appendix Volume 3



A new judge, Christopher Murray, was assigned to our case. Murray dismissed the suit on July 24.  See the opinion below. We appealed on August 10. Also below is a summary of our brief, which will be filed in October.

Judge Murray's opinion, (July 24, 2019)

Committee's Issues on Appeal (August 10, 2019)


UPDATE JUNE 16, 2019

A new judge, Michael J. Kelly, was assigned to our case. In late May, Kelly asked both sides for briefs on the issue of res judicata, (a term for a matter that has been decided by a court and may not be pursued further by the same parties) on whether that applies to our case. On June 11, 2019, we filed our brief, and the Defendants did the same. You can click on them directly below:

Committee to Ban Fracking's Res Judicata Brief, (June 11, 2019)

State's Supplemental Brief [about Res Judicata], (June 11, 2019)


In our brief we explain that res judicata does not apply to our current case because: our previous case in November 2018 (a mandamus case in the Court of Appeals, which was dismissed without opinion) did not involve the same parties, that case was not decided on the merits and the claim was moot by the time the court dismissed it; the claims sought in our current case could not have been resolved in the previous case; and the defendants have already waived any claim of res judicataand, according to a 115-year old Michigan Supreme Court decision on mandamus cases, the answer is no, res judicata does not apply here.



The State of Michigan filed a reply, and the Committee filed a sur-reply to that, on April 25. At this point the case is about dismissing the case. It is not yet being heard on the merits. The State has refused to answer our complaint but instead has chosen to fight us by getting the case thrown out of court. Immediately below are the 3 most recent filings in the case:

Committee's Sur Reply 

Committee's Motion for Sur Reply

State's Reply Brief in Support of March 7, 2019 Motion for Summary Disposition


WHAT HAPPENED: On November 5, 2018 the Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan submitted 47 boxes containing approximately 51,980 sheets bearing approximately 270,962 signatures to the State of Michigan Bureau of Elections (under the Secretary of State) for the 2020 election. 

The Bureau rejected the signatures and the Committee sued in the Michigan Court of Appeals the very next day. 

That case got dismissed with no opinion on November 15, after the emergency complaint was moot.

WE SUE AGAIN: On December 27, 2018, we filed a NEW lawsuit in the Michigan Court of Claims. We have sued the Director of Elections, Secretary of State, and Board of State Canvassers. 

THE STATE FIGHTS BACK: On March 7, 2019, the Defendants, this time the new Secretary of State, Jocelyn Benson, refused to settle the case and instead decided to fight us. They submitted a motion and brief to dismiss the case.  (We had graciously granted them 2 extensions amounting to six weeks of extra time).

Our case # is: 18-000274MM Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan v Secretary of State

Verified Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief (Dec 27, 2018)

Committee's Exhibits to CBFM Verified Complaint (goes with above document)

State's Motion (and Brief) for Summary Disposition (March 7, 2019)

Committee's First Interrogatories and Requests (March 21, 2019)

State's Motion to Stay Discovery (March 26, 2019)

The Committee's response (on April 4, 2019) in opposition to the State's motion for summary disposition is below, along with attachments, affidavit and motion:

Committee's Opposition to Summary Disposition and Motion to Stay Discovery

Committee's attachments: Attachment 1, Attachment 2-A, Attachment 2-B

Affidavit of LuAnne Kozma,  (April 3, 2019)

Committee's Motion to Expand Brief in Response to Two Motions


On April 25, 2019, the Committee filed a Sur-Reply to the State's new motion (reply brief below) citing a new reason for trying to dismiss our case:

Committee's Sur Reply 

Committee's Motion for Sur Reply

State's Reply Brief in Support of March 7, 2019 Motion for Summary Disposition

(Their filing included a copy of our lawsuit, which we excluded from the exhibits of the PDF to make a smaller file. Please download both items above to see entire case).


** UPDATE JULY 25, 2017**

Our leave to appeal to Michigan Supreme Court was denied. Which means we must continue to collect signatures until we have all 252,523 required signatures, submit them to the State, and then file a new lawsuit to challenge the unconstitutionality of the 180-day signature gathering law. This is what the courts are telling us to do, saying essentially, we filed too soon. We don't agree with the decision. We certainly provided all the right legal arguments and facts to show that our case IS RIPE right now. But it is at this time our only course of action to a win.

We take this as a CALL TO ACTION to all volunteers to not give up. The only way we win, is if we PERSIST, collect the signatures, and win in court. The laws and court precedents are all on our side. Our case was not yet heard. 

Let's WIN this and LET'S BAN FRACKING!

To help with the fight, please VOLUNTEER and/or DONATE.


** UPDATE JUNE 8, 2017**

We filed a Leave to Appeal in the Michigan Supreme Court. 

We filed a lawsuit on June 1, 2016 against the Director of Elections, Secretary of State, and Board of State Canvassers, challenging the constitutionality of the statute (MCL 168.472a) that imposes a time limitation on signature-gathering. Shortly thereafter, Governor Snyder signed a new version of the law making the 180-day limit absolute. The Court of Claims ruled that our case was not yet "ripe"--essentially that we filed too soon, because we have not yet submitted our signatures to the State. We, of course, argued that the case is ripe right now, because the "actual controversy" at hand is not whether we will collect all the signatures necessary, but that the State will not accept signatures older than 180 days. We took it to the Court of Appeals. That court upheld the lower court's decision. We filed a motion for reconsideration, and that was denied.

We filed a Leave to Appeal with the Michigan Supreme Court. 

On July 25, 2017, the Michigan Supreme Court denied our appeal. 

Therefore, the only course of action we now have is to follow what the court is saying and continue to collect all of our signatures, when we get enough signatures, file them with the State of Michigan, and 

You can also look up all documents on the state court's website: Our case # in the Court of Appeals is #334480, Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan v Director of Elections.


Read the court filings by clicking on the documents below:


Press release

Exhibits available on request.

On June 22, the State filed a motion and brief for summary disposition:

Motion for Summary Disposition and Brief in Support of Defendants' June 22, 2016 Motion for Summary Disposition

We filed our response to their motion on July 8:

Plaintiffs' Opposition to Motion for Summary Disposition

Affidavit of LuAnne Kozma

On August 8, 2016, Judge Stephen Borrello, Court of Claims, held that the case was not yet "ripe":

August 8, 2016 Decision by Judge Stephen Borrello

On September 23, 2016, Committee to Ban Fracking filed its first brief in the Michigan Court of Appeals fighting the ripeness decision:

Appellants' Opening Brief on Appeal

On October 27, 2016 Appellees filed their brief:

Brief of Defendants-Appellees

On November 12, 2016 we filed a reply brief:

Appellants' Reply Brief

On March 14, 2017, the Court of Appeals decided the case and upheld the lower court decision that the case was not yet "ripe":

Court of Appeals decision

On April 4, 2017, we filed a motion for reconsideration:

Appellants' Motion and Brief for Reconsideration

On April 18, 2017 the State filed a reply to our motion:

Defendants/Appelees' Response


On April 26, 2017 the Court of Appeals denied our motion for reconsideration:

Court of Appeals order


On June 8, 2017, we filed a Leave to Appeal with the Michigan Supreme Court

Leave to Appeal

On July 25, 2017, the Michigan Supreme Court denied our leave to appeal.

Michigan Supreme Court order